1. Cherokee Confederates reunion in New Orleans, 1903. Credit: Wikipedia.
  2. Cherokee Confederate veterans of the Thomas Legion at the 1901 annual reunion. Credit: North Carolina Dept. of Archives and History.
  3. Union Native American Sharpshooters at Mary’s Heights after the Second Battle of Fredericksburg.
  4. Confederate delegates at Washington, D.C. From left to right: John Rollin Ridge, Saladin Ridge Watie (Stand Watie’s son), Richard Fields (formerly of Drew’s regiment), Elias Cornelious Boudinot, and William Penn Adair. Credit: University of Oklahoma Press and Archives and Manuscripts Division, Oklahoma Historical Society.
  5. Map of the 1842 Cherokee Slave Revolt. Credit: University of Oklahoma.
  6. This flag was carried by Colonel Stand Watie’s Cherokee Mounted Rifles; the body of the flag is the First National pattern flag of the Confederate States; the canton is blue with eleven white stars in a circle, surrounding five red stars representing the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole); the large red star in the center represents the Cherokee Nation. “Cherokee Braves” is lettered in red in the center of the white stripe. Credit: Civil War Virtual Museum.
  7. Constitution and laws of the Cherokee Nation. Credit: The Library of Congress.
  8. General Stand Watie. Credit: Wikipedia.
  9. Chief John Ross. Credit: Bureau of American Ethnology.